|Aerobic Exercise - Exercise that involves vigorous and sustained
activity that results in the improvement of the body's use of oxygen.
Swimming, running, dancing, walking, or cycling are good examples
of aerobic exercise.
Anorexia - Anorexia is a loss of the desire to eat. The
term can be used medically as a symptom of many illnesses. It is
more commonly used to describe a psychological disorder of self-induced
starvation in an effort to become thin.
Auto-Immune Disorder - A disorder or disease that results
in an immune (ability to fight disease) reaction produced by an
individuals white blood cells (cells used to fight infection) acting
on the body's own healthy tissue.
Blood Pressure - Pressure exerted against the walls of the
arteries when the heart pumps the blood through the body.
BMI (Body Mass Index) - A measurement of the ratio of fat
and muscle mass in the human body, when the weight is divided by
the height squared and the result is an index to gauge the level
of obesity. There are several good on-line BMI calculators if you
type Body Mass Index into a reliable search engine.
Bulimia - A chronic eating disorder where a person "binges"
on large amounts of food in a short period of time and then "purges"
what they consumed by either self-induced vomiting, taking heavy
doses of laxatives and diuretics (water pills), exercise or any
combination of these methods.
Carbohydrate - An organic compound made of carbon, hydrogen,
and oxygen. Carbohydrates are essential in a balanced diet for energy.
Carbohydrates are found in breads, cereals, grains, vegetables and
fruits. Plants produce Carbohydrates through photosynthesis which
is the process of turning water and carbon dioxide into carbohydrates
using sunlight as energy.
Type 1 Diabetes - A metabolic disorder when the body does
not properly metabolize carbohydrates and sugars. This disease typically
appears in childhood or adolescence. Usually a patient experiences
extreme thirst, frequent urination, and has high sugar levels in
their urine and blood. Many patients are insulin-dependent.
Type II Diabetes - A mild form of diabetes (a metabolic
disorder when the body does not properly metabolize carbohydrates
and sugars) that usually has initial onset in adulthood and is generally
associated with risk factors such as inactivity and obesity. Many
patients are able to control this disease through diet and exercise.
Diet - The simplest definition is food and drink. The term
diet is also used to describe a prescribed course of consuming certain
foods and drink at certain times in predetermined amounts with the
advice of a medical professional for the management of an illness
or to lose weight.
Eating Disorder - A psychological disorder that impairs
normal eating behavior, overeating, anorexia, and bulimia are examples
of eating disorders.
Fat - Various soft, solid, or semisolid, organic compounds
consisting of fatty acids and their associated organic groups. Fats
in the diet are used for a number of things but should be used wisely
and in moderation. Common fats in a balanced diet are found in butter,
margarines, and various oils, often provides a short-term feeling
Fiber - Plant matter that cannot be digested; also called
roughage. Fiber causes intestinal peristalsis (the movement of waste
through the intestine) and produces a feeling of "fullness"
Fibromyalgia - An autoimmune disorder when there is chronic
pain in the soft tissues, surrounding joints, fatigue and tenderness
at very specific sites in the body. This illness is also characterized
by extreme feelings of fatigue and malaise.
Gastrointestinal - Having to with or involving the digestive
system which includes but is not limited to the mouth, esophagus,
stomach, small intestine, large intestine, and rectum.
Health - The overall soundness of mind and body; freedom
from disease or abnormality.
Hyperglycemic - A very high concentration of glucose (sugars)
in the blood.
Hyperlipidemia - A very high concentration of fat in the
Hypertension - Chronically high blood pressure
Hypoglycemia - A very low concentration of glucose (sugars)
in the blood.
Malabsorption - Poor absorption of nutrients in the gastrointestinal
system despite a well-balanced or highly nutritional diet. Malabsorption
is frequently seen in gastrointestinal diseases and often oral or
intravenous supplements can be used to correct the problem.
Malaise - A generalized feeling of "ill-health"
or not feeling "well", often with feelings of discomfort
at the beginning or during the course of an illness.
Mineral - Non-organic elements that have a crystal -like
structure, color and hardness. Minerals are necessary in the body
for normal growth and activities in the body, some examples of common
minerals are calcium, iron, zinc, and sodium, and they are commonly
found in a well-balanced diet.
Nutrition - The consumption of food and how the body uses
the food for growth, energy, and healing of damaged tissues. Nutrition
involves digestion of food, absorption, storage and use of nutrients,
and excrement of waste through urine or bowel movements.
Obesity - Increased body weight caused by an excessive accumulation
Protein - Essential nutrient for the growth and repair of
tissue in the body. Commonly found in meat, fish, eggs, legumes
(beans), and dairy products.
Renal Disease - Any disease or disorder that affects the
Vitamin - Organic substances that are fat or water soluble
and essential in very small amounts in the body needed for normal
growth and activity. Vitamins are best obtained naturally in plant
and animal foods but sometimes artificial supplements are needed.